Salt Lake City Child Custody Attorney
Going through a divorce is always a difficult and challenging time. This is especially true for spouses who are also parents. As you prepare to file a petition or to respond to a complaint after being served with papers, your primary concern is probably creating a custody arrangement which will allow you to spend as much time possible with your child or children. Working toward a favorable parenting plan can be stressful, but you don’t have to go through the process alone: our compassionate and experienced attorneys are here to help you.
Child custody attorney Rex Bray proudly serves the residents of Salt Lake City and the surrounding metropolitan area, and offers free initial consultations for new clients. Rex will explain your legal rights and responsibilities, prepare you for hearings and court appearances, and fight aggressively to obtain the best arrangement possible.
To start discussing your situation in a free and confidential case evaluation, call Rex today at (801) 708-0913.
Different Types of Child Custody Plans in Utah
There are a few different types of arrangements which are available:
- Legal — This covers legal decisions about your child until he or she turns 18, such as decisions about marriage, military service, education, healthcare, and even issues like tattoos.
- Physical — This covers where your child will physically spend most of his or her time.
Legal and physical custody are then divided into the following categories:
- Joint — This means that both parents share legal and/or physical custody approximately equally. If you and your spouse share joint physical custody, it means your child will spend at least 111 nights per year in each of your households. Courts tend to presume that joint arrangements are in the child’s best interest, because they enable the child to keep spending time with both of their parents on a regular basis; but of course there are exceptions to this general rule of thumb.
- Sole — This means that one parent, called the custodial parent, gets primary physical and/or legal custody over their child. Even if one parent has sole physical and legal custody, the other parent still gets “parent time” or “visitation time.”
- Split — This is only available for parents with two or more children, and means that each parent gets sole physical custody of at least one child, while legal custody may be jointly shared or sole.
The state of Utah recognizes the following arrangements:
- Sole Legal, Sole Physical
- Joint Legal, Joint Physical
- Joint Legal, Sole Physical
The state of Utah permits and even encourages parents to try and create their own, mutually satisfying “parenting plan.” In order to be approved by a judge, your plan must not violate any state or federal laws, and must preserve your child’s best interests.
How Does the Judge Decide to Award Custody?
If you and your spouse are unable to create your own parenting plan, then the family courts will have to intervene to impose their own decision.
Judges consider one, single objective above all others when making their decisions: choosing the arrangement that will provide the best possible quality of life for the child. When making this decision, judges consider many questions about you, your spouse, and what home life is like for your family. To give some common examples, the judge may want to know:
- What sort of income do you and your spouse earn? Are both of you able to provide your child with basic essentials like good quality food, shelter, and access to medical care and schooling?
- Do either of you have a criminal record, especially one which involves recent crimes or violent crimes such as assault or domestic violence?
- Does your child have a disability or any special needs which one parent is better suited to care for?
- For families with more than one child, would choosing a certain plan separate siblings and cause emotional distress?
- How far away will you and your spouse live from one another once you are divorced? Is it realistic and feasible for your child to travel back and forth between households?
- Are both of you willing and able to meet your parental duties? Are you and your spouse able to work together cooperatively in the best interests of your child?
- Provided he or she is old enough to make an informed decision, does your child have a personal preference?
If you’re going through a divorce in Salt Lake City, child custody lawyer Rex Bray can help you navigate the legal process and work toward creating or obtaining a favorable plan. To set up a free and private legal consultation, call Rex at (801) 708-0913.